Share the Post:

An Inside Look at Laser Cutting in Metal Fabrication

The construction industry has undergone remarkable transformations, thanks to innovative technologies. This extends to laser cutting–a fundamental process of metal fabrication. 

So, how does laser cutting work? During the metal-cutting process, the laser beam is directed onto the metal surface, heating it up very quickly. The intense heat causes the metal to melt, burn, or vaporize, depending on the cutting method used.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the fascinating world of laser cutting, exploring how it works, its many applications, the advantages it offers, and its pivotal role in shaping the future of metal fabrication.

Laser Cutting in Sheet Metal Fabrication

Laser cutting has found wide-ranging applications, making it a vital technology in producing a diverse array of everyday products.

Laser machines typically consist of several key components, including the laser source, focusing optics, cutting head, and CNC (Computer Numerical Control) system. The CNC system directs the laser accurately, following the designs provided by computer-aided design (CAD) software.

This automation allows for rapid and repeatable production, reducing human error and material wastage.

Here are some examples of how laser cutting is used in sheet metal fabrication

Creating Geometric Shapes and Holes

Imagine a metal sheet as a canvas and laser cutting as a high-tech artist’s brush. With laser cutting, manufacturers can create intricate and precise shapes and holes on the metal surface.

This ability improves the functionality of components used in products like cars, appliances, and electronics. In art, these geometric shapes create striking visuals that make iconic pieces. 

Making Airflow and Ventilation Systems

Have you ever wondered how machines or buildings stay cool? Well, laser cutting plays a part in crafting metal sheets used in airflow and ventilation systems.

The precision of laser cutting ensures that these systems work efficiently, helping to keep things cool and comfortable.

Making Kitchen Appliances

Laser cutting plays a role in crafting metal parts used in kitchen appliances like stoves, refrigerators, and ovens. It creates burner openings or fitting door panels, and laser cutting ensures that these appliances work efficiently and look sleek. 

Methods for Laser Cutting in Metal Fabrication

Laser cutting has different methods that are best for certain purposes. 

Laser Beam Fusion Cutting

Laser beam fusion cutting, also known as melt cutting or vaporization cutting, is the most widely used method in metal fabrication. In this process, the laser beam melts the material at the cutting point, and a high-pressure gas (usually nitrogen or oxygen) blows away the molten metal, creating a kerf. 

Laser Beam Sublimation Cutting

Laser beam sublimation cutting is a less common but highly precise cutting method used for specific applications. It involves using the laser beam to directly vaporize the material without passing through a liquid phase.

It’s slower than other methods, but it ensures high-precision cutting.

Laser Beam Flame Cutting

Laser flame cutting, also known as laser oxy-fuel cutting, is a thermal cutting process that combines laser technology with oxy-fuel cutting. This method is primarily used for cutting thick metals, particularly carbon steel. 

Final Thoughts

Laser cutting is indispensable in Metal Fabrication, and having the right partner to cut metals for your project is crucial. Make sure to be transparent about the method you want to ensure the best results. 

Need a quote on an upcoming project?
Contact Us!